Experiential Pedagogy Of The Oppressed For Adults


Millions of people are forced to leave their homes and seek shelter from conflict, violence, persecution or natural disasters in their countries. The majority of today’s refugees live in developing countries, which means they are fleeing countries that are struggling with poverty and hard work in their own society. The flow of migration affects transit countries, such as Turkey, Greece, Macedonia and Italy. Turkey is the country hosting the most refugees in the world, with more than 3 million refugees. The EU and Turkey provide shelter, food, hygiene, pleasant children’s spaces, assistance to reunite the refugee family through government organizations. They are also provided with education, but their social integration usually depends on the availability of assistance provided by local NGOs and international organizations. From this perspective, due to the level of capacity of non-governmental organizations, there is a lack of coordination, quality, equipment, tools and methodologies for providing education especially for adult refugees.

The innovative part of this project is a methodological approach for adult education. In principle, it is a combination of two important theories: “Theory of Experiential Learning” by David A. Kolb and “Pedagogy of the Oppressed” by Paolo Freire.

David A. Kolb – American scientist – who develops a cycle of experiential learning that is recognized by global institutions such as UNESCO, the European Commission and the Council of Europe, claims that people learn from their experiences. Kolb’s experiential learning theory consists of a four-phase learning cycle: experiencing, reflecting, thinking, and acting. Experiential learning is a methodology that includes learning games and simulative games where participants develop their sense of empathy by experiencing an emotional process through the game.
The other theory on which our project is based is the “Pedagogy of the Oppressed” that generates a methodology for localizing experiential learning tools. Paolo Freire, a Brazilian educator and philosopher, is best known for his most important work, “The Pedagogy of the Oppressed”, which is considered one of the basic texts of the critical pedagogical movement. According to Fréire, the educational program should take into account the realities and background of the people. Educators should start a dialogue with the participants in order to discover the real world of the participants involved in the education itself, to see their understandings, values ​​and real problems.

The project will develop the capacities of non-governmental organizations, and this will be achieved by training adults. Trainers will not only develop experiential learning, a methodology for key competencies for adult refugees, but that will be done by adult refugees who will be involved in the whole process. Participation will be the main methodology of the project itself.

The project has a special added value in the field of European non-formal education, as it combines the methodology of experiential learning and the pedagogy of the oppressed groups. This innovative activity will create a new methodology for localizing the tools for experiential learning, and at the same time it will use them for the education and integration of refugees.

Expected Results:

  • Creating a new methodological approach “The Experiential Pedagogy of the Oppressed”, a combination of David A.’s “Experiential Learning Theory” Kolb and “Pedagogy of the Oppressed” by Paulo Freire, which will be created for the needs of adult refugees.
  • 40 Adult educators who will participate in the training and learning activities will gain new skills in the field of adult education so that they can work more effectively with adult refugees.
  • A set of tools will be created and published, which can be used by partners, as well as all other associations working with this or similar issues.
  • A handbook will be developed that will be submitted to dozens of NGOs in each of the partner countries.
  • In the local implementation of the project, 4 training teams from each partner organization will apply the new skills to a group of 15 adult participants, which means 300 adults in total in 5 countries.
  • There will be 5 conferences on which 270 people in the field of adult education will be notified of the project and its results and will try the tools of the “Tools Fair”.


One of the most important need in this refugee crisis is to develop the capacity of individuals; help their social integration, develop competences, empowering them in conflict management, improving life conditions, literacy, accesing public services, IT skills, foreing langunage, intercultural learning,physico-social development. The need analysis of the target groups includes two dimensions, which are connected with each other. First is the need of the adult refugees. Second is the need of the educators, trainers and formators to respond the need of adults.
That’s why the project started first to make a need analysis of adult refugees in order to develop the proper training module which respond to learning needs of adults. The learners must be active in the learning process rather than being in a passive mode like a listener. Then the project Continue with training of Adult educators in order to develop the quality of learning and supporting services of NGO’s. 40 persons from 5 partner organisations will develop their competences. Each partner will support this project with reseach activities, preparing the training manuals, providing their technical assistance hosting trans nationalproject meetings and training activities. There will be 5 multiplier events, conferences and tool fairs in 2 years. The participants of the training activities will organise local implementation activities and reach to 300 adult refugees to use the new methodologies in adult aducation in order to help their learning activities in most important subjects for their development learning and employability. Thoruhg the multiplyier events the project will reach 275 people outside the project for the dissemination of the results and sharing the manual of the methodologies adn outputs of the project

Gaziantep Egitim ve Genclik Dernegi




Balkanska Agenciya za Ustoychivo Razvitie